Our goal is to support, promote, and educate the community about an eco-friendly lifestyle through design.
Conventional plastics do not easily biodegrade and may last in the environment for centuries, possibly forever. When plastics are burned, toxic pollutants are released that affect our health, air quality and natural environments, such as wild life habitats. Plastics occupy 25 percent of all landfill space. The best environmental solution are biodegradable plastics, which can safely be absorbed by air, water, and soil.
Our eco-friendly plastic solutions are completely organic and non-destructive to the environment. Like any organic material that is biodegradable, our plastic solutions will create useful byproducts, including humus, which can be used to enrich soil. Methane, another useful byproduct from this process can be used as fuel. In fact, landfills all over the country are beginning to tap into methane from the natural breakdown of organic materials as a source of energy.
The accelerated biodegradable properties of our smartphone cases are attributed to a chemical compound called EcoPure. EcoPure is FDA approved, which is a 100% organic material that is blended into the plastic during the manufacturing process. This additional step and process enables our products to be consumed by the environment, resulting in biomass (rich soil), biogas (anaerobic), and carbon dioxide (aerobic).
This state of the art biodegradable technology allows plastics to absorb moisture more readily, causing expansion and breakage of the polymer chain. In addition, EcoPure promotes microorganisms to colonize in and around the plastic. These microorganisms secrete enzymes, which break down the polymer chain. Once the polymer chain is open, the microbes can use the carbon chain as a source of food and energy.
Our biodegradable products have an indefinite shelf life, yet quickly biodegrading, ONLY when placed in an active microbial environment, such as a landfill or facility compost.
1. Aerobic Phase (first few days) – This is the phase when aerobic microbes are becoming established and moisture is building up in the refuse. While standard plastic absorption capability is relatively small, the additive causes further swelling, weakening the polymer bonds and creating molecular spaces where moisture and microbial growth can rapidly begin the aerobic degradation process. Oxygen is replaced with carbon dioxide.
2. Anaerobic, Non-Methanogenic Phase (roughly 2 weeks to 6 months) - After oxygen concentrations have declined sufficiently the anaerobic processes begin. During the initial stage (hydrolysis), the microbe colonies eat the particulates, and through an enzymatic process, reduce large polymers into simpler monomers. The secreted monomers mix with the organic additive, causing additional swelling and opening of the polymer chain and increased quorum sensing. This further excites the microbes to increase their colonization and consumption of the polymer chain. As time progresses, acidogenesis occurs where the simple monomers are converted into fatty acids. CO2 production occurs rapidly at this stage.
3. Anaerobic, Methanogenic Unsteady Phase (6 to 18 months) - The microbe colonies continue to grow eating away at the polymer chain and creating increasingly larger molecular spaces. During this phase acetogenesis occurs, converting fatty acids into acetic acid, carbon dioxide and hydrogen. As this process continues, CO2 rates decline and hydrogen production eventually ceases. 4. Anaerobic, Methanogenic Steady Phase (1 year to 5 years)
4.The final stage of decomposition involves methanogensis. As colonies of microbes continue to eat away at the remaining surface of the polymer, acetates are converted into methane and carbon dioxide, and hydrogen is consumed. The process continues until the only remaining element is humus. This highly nutritional soil creates and improved environment for the microbes and enhances the final stage of decomposition.